The honey benefits for athletes have been recently demonstrated by many studies. Honey is a simple, effective and inexpensive carbohydrate alternative to the highly-refined sugars found in other sport drinks and bars.
Richard Kreider, Professor and Department Head, Health and Kinesiology at Texas A&M University, previously Chair of the Department of Health, Human Performance & Recreation at Baylor University and Director of the Exercise & Sport Nutrition Lab and Center for Exercise, Nutrition and Preventive Health (are you impressed? well, he has a Curriculum Vita of 60 WORD pages!), conducted three studies that showed how honey can improve endurance exercise capacity.
All studies demonstrated that honey could be another option for endurance athletes, and possibly strength athletes, for improving athletic performance.
Test No. 3
In “Honey and Sports nutrition: Report for the American Honey Board”, 2001, Kreider highlights that it is important for athletes to maintain a consistent blood-sugar level throughout their exercise and competition. It is known that a high-glycemic index can cause spikes in blood sugar and energy. Honey has a moderate glycemic index (he measured it as 43 out of 100, where he placed white bread) but it should not be ingested once in large quantities. All researches on honey and sport nutrition show that it is recommended to adapt the amount of honey to the body weight and to be be ingested at specific times.
- 4 hours before exercise: take 4 g per kg body weight
- 1 hour before exercise: take 1 g per kg body weight
- 10 minutes before exercise: take 0.5 g per kg body weight
- take 30-60 g can be taken every 1 hour
- within 15 minutes take dry honey + whey protein, in 3:1 ratio, for optimal recovery. Athletes should consume about 1 g per kg body weight. Repeat this procedure for the next 4 to 6 hours.
It is known that after physical exercise or competition, carbohydrates should be supplemented by protein. Dry honey + whey protein is more effective than protein + glucose or maltodextrin. Honey and whey, 3:1, may help to inhibit protein catabolism after the exercise.
Of course the researches continue, and we can find honey and all the other products of the hive, in all products of sport nutrition. But in my opinion the quantity of honey that should be taken is quite large, if we take 4 g per kg body weight it would meand for a 70 kg body, 280 g of honey. And that is really a lot! I think it’s better to combine it with pollen, and take the benefits from the both.
But if you can eat that much and, especially if you have that much honey, then go ahead and win the competition!
Stefan Bogdanov, Bee Product Science, feb 2014