‘Composition of honey’

What gives honey its aroma?

aroma of honey and where comes it from

Volatile organic compounds also known as aroma compounds are the ones responsible for honey aroma. A lot of research has been done these days showing a growing scientific interest in analyzing and understanding honey more and more so that it can be used correctly, more targeted and more efficiently. Honey has been analyzed ever since science entered our lives, from its very beginnings. Its composition is still not complete, there are still compounds unidentified, but in time there will be… Read More

Does honey raise blood sugar? Does honey make you fat?

honey doesn't raise blood sugar and prevents diabetes

Does honey raise blood sugar? – a question often put, but not by diabetics. Allopathic doctors tell them honey is sugar and is out of the question. Nevertheless studies showed that honey consumption reduces metabolic stress thus reducing the risks for many of the diseases and conditions associated with the metabolic syndrome, including obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Sugar is the #1 enemy of humanity. We all know this. It’s pleasant, it gives energy and is addictive. Many doctors compare… Read More

Sugars in honey and why honey is so sweet

what sugars are in honey

Some say it is the sweetest natural food. There are many sugars (carbohydrates) in honey and they all count for its sweetness. However, the sweet taste is different with each type of honey, as they all contain different types of sugar. Why is honey so sweet? Because it is made from the nectar honey bees find in flowers, which is really sweet. And because other sugars are subsequently formed under enzymatic process. What is the nectar of a flower? A… Read More

Minerals and trace elements in honey

which are the minerals present in honey

We know honey doesn’t have only sugars, but also other important elements such as polyphenols, free aminoacids and proteins, phytonutrients, enzymes, vitamins and, of course, there are minerals and trace elements in honey. Blossom honeys have a slightly different composition than that of honeydew honey. They have a mineral content mostly between 0.1 and 0.3 %, while that of honeydew honeys can reach 1 % of the total composition. In early times the mineral content was determined as a quality criterion of… Read More

Proteins in honey

what are the proteins in honey

There is not such a high content of proteins in honey, but their role there is as important as the presence of proteins in any animal or human body. Proteins are large, complex molecules, vital for the normal functioning of the human body. For the laymen, a protein is like a string of beads or of pearls, where beads are amino acids, attached to one another by peptide bonds. Each string contains hundreds of beads (amino acids) and they are… Read More

What gives honey its antimicrobial power?

why is honey antimicrobial

Why is honey antimicrobial? Its components make it like that. There are components that induce an indirect antimicrobial action, the microbial infection being fought by its immuno-activating, anti-inflammatory and prebiotic activity, and components or features that induce a direct antimicrobial activity. This one is given by 2 types of antimicrobial activity, generally accepted in honey: hydrogen peroxide activity and non-peroxide activity. Hydrogen peroxide activity Honey produces hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) through an enzyme called GLUCOSE OXIDASE (called inhibine in the past). It is added by the bees in the… Read More