Royal Jelly

Royal Jelly, often called “milk of bees” by many people, it’s a creamy white or pale yellowish substance created by young worker bees (between their 5th and 15th days of age). These bees, also referred to as nurses, will feed la larvae mouth to mouth.

They mix honey and bee pollen with enzymes from their glands (hypo-pharyngeal and mandibular glands) to produce this extraordinary food. It is ultra sour, has a bitter taste and a strong odor but it was considered to have a rare biological power. Larvae in royal jelly The purpose of this substance is to feed all larvae in their first three or four days after hatching. In these period of time they increase in weight of about 250 times.

After the larvae become workers they will be fed with honey, and the queen will be fed only with royal jelly (as the name tells). The royal jelly will make the difference. Its components  help the queen mature into a large, fertile and longer-living bee.

Royal jelly has a powerful effect on the bee’s endocrine, hormonal, and metabolic systems. The queen will be fed only with royal jelly throughout its entire life and it will become a fertile, larger bee with a lifespan up to 5 years (compared to 4-6 months of a regular bee), which will be able to lays 2.5 times her weight in eggs, per day.

What is the composition of royal jelly?royal jelly face cream

The main active substances in its composition are: proteins, female hormones, lipids, carbohydrates, antibiotics, minerals, vitamins (especially B, PP, E), 10-hydroxy-2-decenoic acid, dients still undetermined. Here is a more detailed list:

    • Lipids, of which 80–85% fatty acids and then  phenols, waxes, steroids and phospholipids
    • Dietary Fatty acids, such as 10-hydroxy-2-decanoic acid  and others, such as gluconic acid , 10-hydroxydecanoic acid  and  other dicarboxylic acids
    • Peptides
    • The 57-kD a protein known as Royalactin that differentiates honey bees into queen bees
    • Carbohydrates, mostly sugars: glucose, fructose and some other monosaccharides and oligosaccharides
    • B Vitamamins (B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, BB, B12) more than it’s found in yeast. Among them B5 (Pantothenic Acid) is in a really big quantity, which leads to its benefit on nervous system and adrenals.  B5 is also known as “the anti-stress vitamin”.
    • Mineral salts: Calcium,  Copper,Iron, Gallium, Potassium, Lithium, Magnesium,  Zinc,  Selenium , Strontium
    • Acetylcholine – which has a main part in the central and peripheral nervous system.
    • Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) and catabolites
    • Testosterone, the actual hormone

How do we store royal jelly?

It has been demonstrated that royal jelly should be frozen as soon as harvest, because this is the only way to prevent decomposition of biologically active proteins.

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Fresh royal jelly:
In its raw form, which is the best, the validity of royal jelly is
– 3 to 5 days inside the hive,
– only a few minutes outsides the hive in a temperature of 15-250 C
– 6 months, if it is refrigerated (3º to 5º C)
– 2 years if it is stored in the freezer (below 18º C)

Lyophylised royal jelly:
– 1 year if it is stored in the refrigerator (3º to 5º C)
– at least 2 years if it is stored in the freezer (below 18º C)

Fresh of lyophylised royal jelly in honey
– 2 years at room temperature (the total humidity of honey-royal jelly should be less than 18%)

What is the therapeutic use of royal jelly?

The therapeutic action of this product is based mainly on its features of fortifying, anti-anemic, growth stimulants, anti-infectious and even anti-cancer.

It is used as a general tonic, increases physical and mental endurance, helps in menopause, helps in reducing blood cholesterol, delays the aging process, it’s preventive and adjuvant in cases of colds and flu.

In the traditional Chinese medicine royal jelly played a key role and it’s still used in almost all medical conditions. That is why the Chinese are the world’s largest producers and consumers of royal jelly.

It is used in many sectors, ranging from the pharmaceutical and food industries to the cosmetic and manufacturing sectors. More details here: Royal Jelly health benefits.


It is better to first consult a medical doctor when deciding to take royal jelly, and test for an eventual allergy. People with a high incidence of allergy, bee venom allergy or asthma, should avoid taking royal jelly.
Take special caution if pregnant or lactating. Royal jelly is the perfect food for bee babies, not for human babies.

Recommended product from YS Organic:
YS Royal Jelly/Honey Bee – Royal Jelly, 2000 mg, 75 capsules (see picture)

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Stefan Bogdanov, Bee Product Science, 2014

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